Some nice pictures can be found here...
334 best Chess in Art images on Pinterest
Chess Art for sale from Society 6: digital, painting, illustration, vintage, watercolor, background, expressionism and many other categories. If you're not buying, just fun to browse.
Carolus Chess is an interesting site on chess history with a ton of stuff, including chess art history. Well worth a visit!
Toutfait.com, the Marcel Duchamp Studies Online Journal has a page titled Reevaluating the Art and Chess of Marcel Duchamp that's pretty interesting reading.
Duchamp spent a large part of his life as a serious player. After he became an established and successful artist, he turned his attention to playing chess. He's the guy that proclaimed, “while all artists are not chess players, all chess players are artists.” Don't know if I agree with him on that. As a chess player, calling me an artist is like calling a six year old with a crayon an artist.
By most estimates, Duchamp was about master strength. He competed in the 1925 French championship, reportedly scoring 50 percent, and represented France in the 1933 chess Olympiad (on the same team as Alexander Alekhine, the world champion, who was then resident in France). Though he was often outclassed, every now and then he managed to hold his own, as in a 1929 game against Vera Menchik and a 1930 game against Frank Marshall, then the US Champion.
Chessmetrics puts his rating, based mostly on Olympic games, at 2413. After moving to Greenwich Village from France in the 1940s, he played for the Marshall Chess Club in the Metropolitan Chess League and his photograph still hangs on the club’s wall. You can read a complete list of his chess exploits at chess.com HERE.
In the following game he gives Milton Hanauer, a New York master, a solid thumping.